ICE-ARC partner CSIC are deploying a series of SATICE buoys. SATICE, is the first high-rate, high-precision positioning experiment on sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. It consists of an array of five polar GPS buoys operating simultaneously. Each buoy collects continuous GPS data while drifting on sea ice. Data from each buoy is streamed over a satellite link to a central computer on the Internet in near real time, where they are processed to estimate the time-varying buoy positions.
Within ICE-ARC CSIC are focusing on optimizing the power consumption of the SATICE systems by adding on board power monitoring hardware and by changing the core GNSS receiver to a newer and less power hungry device (0.5W less,). They have also redesigned some parts of the software to reduce the power load of non-essential payload during winter night operation.
Characteristics of the ICE-ARC SATICE:
Data sampling strategy:
- GPS: every 10 seconds (30 seconds for next deployments)
- Oceanographic payload (Once every 10 minutes):
CTD (Sea Conductivity Temperature Depth)
Snow Depth Sensor
Weather Station (Winds, air temperature, pressure and relative humidity).
- Photograph taken in function of latitude and longitude (Only takes photographs on dawn and dusk, no photos on winter’s night and one photo on summer’s day).
Primary data link: Iridium PPP, migrating to Iridium Rudics.
Secondary data link: Iridium SBD.
During 2015 there were deployments in Beaufort Gyre (SI06) and North Pole region (SI07). These types of deployments will continue in 2016. You can follow the systems in real time as well as download the data plots here: http://arctic.icm.csic.es